Physical fitness encompasses general fitness (overall health and well being), and specific fitness (ability to perform tasks involving physical endurance, strength, flexibility, and/or balance). Physical fitness is promoted by exercise, proper nutrition, personal hygiene, and sufficient rest.
There are many dimensions to fitness, and advantages of keeping fit are multi-dimensional. Disease prevention, enjoyment of life, and ability to function effectively at work and play are all improved by engagement in ones own physical fitness. Fatigue is diminished by fitness. Data has shown that state of awareness, ability to remain alert, response to emergency situations, and sleep are all improved by regular exercise and a state of physical fitness. Physical, emotional, and mental health are important components of comprehensive fitness.
The President’s Council on Physical Fitness and Sports classifies components of fitness as follows:
|Health related||Skill related||Sports|
There is general consensus that adults aged 18 to 64 benefit strongly from at least 75 minutes per week of high intensity aerobic activity (e.g. swimming, running, biking, rowing, etc.) or 150 minutes per week of moderate-intensity aerobic activity (walking, less strenuous exercise). The time can be divided up in any way. The specific exercise is not as important as the resulting cardiovascular response.
Diet contributes to overall health in combination with exercise. Menopausal women experience many adverse symptoms, including hot flashes (sudden warmth, flushing, sweats), insomnia, mood swings, waning libido, muscle aches, and joint pain. These phenomena diminish quality of life. Physical Fitness can mitigate or even eliminate these effects. Menopausal women most especially benefit from regular exercise to augment and maintain the maximum possible state of physical fitness.